It’s apparent the world has an ongoing love affair with the sparkling commodity known as the diamond. With multiple parodies, and a trademark that screams forever. The legacy of the sparkling rock continues to have us all engaged and perched at the end of our seat every time news breaks on a recent discovery. The incredibly hard, dazzling stone has been a coveted item for centuries and continues to thrill the world and excite the wealthiest royals.
With the recent discovery of the mammoth diamond unearthed in Botswana, the world has zoned in to observe the biggest diamond discovery in over a century. The gem is the greatest of its kind to be uncovered in the African region and has been categorised as a “Type IIa diamond,” meaning it contains no measurable nitrogen impurities, rendering it almost completely transparent. (Live Science, 2015) Stockholm-listed miner, Lucara Diamond, stated;
“The magnificent stone … is the world second largest gem quality diamond ever recovered and largest ever to be recovered through a modern processing facility.” (The Guardian, 2015)
Discovered by a Canadian mining company, the 1,111 carat diamond rock weighs nearly half a pound (227 grams) and is the second in size to the renowned Cullinan diamond, a 3,106-carat shiny rock discovered in South African in 1905. With the Cullinan diamond weighing around 1.33-lb. (603 g) and its dimensions sliced into around 100 pieces in 1908. Its largest piece of 530 carats (about half the size of the newly unearthed Botswana diamond) is now fixed in the British Sovereign’s Royal Scepter, displaying at the Tower of London.
As an estimated $13 billion worth of rough diamonds are taken out of the ground each year, the 65mm x 56mm x 40mm stone is yet to be evaluated, but one commodities and mining analyst said it has the potential to be “one very expensive diamond.”
With the gradual uncovering of these precious jewels, it’s inevitable some stones will hold more fascination than others. And with such drastic differences between rocks, the chances of finding similarities or an equal is infinitesimally minute. (The Richest, 2014).
There is however another land out there twinkling in our horizons, one with an abundance of diamonds big and small. Discovered by British researchers working in the Wide-Angle Search for Planets consortium, WASP 12-b is a glittering planet with a mass greater than the sun. Typically, the group of planets that includes WASP-12b is known to experts as extremely hot Jupiters and hosts a carbon-to-oxygen ratio of about 0.5 atmosphere. However, in this case the diamond planet was created as a result of its double carbon concentration quantity and its vast exposure to almost 100 times more methane than expected.
Believed to have an exceptionally high density consisting mainly of carbon, this alluring land filled with exotic chemistry is mostly composed of crystalline carbon aka diamonds. Sadly, its soaring temperatures are not feasible for habitation nor is there a road paved with diamonds, however recent findings suggest that such an environment is entirely possible on other worlds — perhaps even in WASP-12b’s own solar system. (Time Magazine , 2010)
Although astronomers don’t currently have the technology to monitor the cores of exoplanets, or planets orbiting the stars beyond our sun. (NASA, 2010) The fact that such a possibility, however remote, is being plausibly discussed is a reflection of the human race’s continuous strive to discover more about our universe. With exciting theories and intriguing possibilities continuing to emerge, it’s apparent an exciting future lies ahead for these extravagant rocks, with Madhusudhan of the institute of technology expert stating;
“It’s the first carbon-rich planet ever found. Now that we’ve found one, we know there may be a lot more out there.” (The Guardian, 2015)
Creating a visionary collection with the hardest of all gemstones and the stone with the best light reflection properties, talented designer André Ribeiro has tactfully combined two contrary materials: diamonds and rubber. Discover more of his tasteful designs inspired by the masterful Marcel Duchamp’s objets trouvés collection.
NASA (2010) NASA’s Spitzer Reveals First Carbon-Rich Planet [Online] Available at http://Http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/spitzer/news/spitzer20101208.html [Accessed 23/11/15]
The Guardian (2015) Largest diamond in more than a century found in Botswana [Online] Available at http://Http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/nov/19/largest-diamond-more-than-a-century-found-botswana-mine [Accessed 21/11/15]
The Richest (2014) The 10 Largest Diamonds Ever Discovered [Online] Available at http://Http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/the-biggest/a-miners-best-friend-the-10-largest-uncut-rough-diamonds/ [Accessed 21/11/15]
Time Magazine (2015) Found: The Most Fanciful New Planet Eve [Online] Available at http://Http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2035754,00.html [Accessed 23/11/15]